Alternative education has been in existence since ancient times. During the formative years of the public school system in the 19th century, many parents were unhappy with the system. This gave rise to a new form of education known as alternative education. It was aimed to overcome the limitations and drawbacks of traditional education. This gave rise to a wide range of educational approaches such as self learning, alternative schools, home schooling and unshcooling as well. Montessori schools, Krishnamurti schools,
The Peepal Grove School, Waldorf schools (or Steiner schools), Sands School, Summerhill School, Friends schools, Sudbury Valley School, and open classroom schools are all examples of such alternative education systems.
However there is ample of scope for these ideas to be included in mainstream education system. This can be seen in the changes made to the kindergarten approach. Kindergarten was the brainchild of Friedrich Frobel from Germany. Similarly many qualified and talented writers have paved the way for the modern education system to take its present form. Thinkers and writers such as Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi, Amos Bronson, Alcott, Ralf Waldo Emerson, Henry David Thoreau et al have all contributed to the education system in a big way.
Other notable names include Maria Montessori, Rudolf Steiner, John Caldwell Holt, Paul Goodman and others.