Instruction often refers to the process of facilitating another person’s learning process. Instructors who train in primary schools as well as secondary institutions are mostly addressed as teachers and they mainly work on the reading and writing skills besides imparting knowledge of math, science as well as history. In the post secondary institutions too instructors are addressed as teachers. However they are also known as instructors or professors based on the type of institution they are associated with. Their training is more specific and limited to a particular discipline. Research conducted by US has revealed that the quality of the instructors is one of the most detrimental factors which have an impact on the performance of the student. The study also revealed that nations which topped in international tests have robust policies to make sure that the instructors they have appointed are able to deliver effective training. The passing of No Child Left Behind program of US has ensured that all the teachers need to be well qualified. One of the most used forms of evaluation of the teacher’s performance is to make students evaluate the teachers (SETS). However these evaluations are often biased and are known to have many flaws.
It is often believed that high cost of education is the means by which various nations are able to maintain high levels of economic growth. Besides, empirical analyses also supports the belief that poor nations need to grow much more rapidly as compared to richer nations as they will be able to master and reuse the new technologies which are already used by rich nations. But in order to remain competitive, it is important to have qualified and competent managers and engineers who will be able to handle the new technology and implement the new trends effectively. Hence, a nation’s capability to master from leading nations also depends on its ‘human capital’. Surveys and studies in this direction have revealed the significance of fundamental economic institutions and the importance of mastering cognitive skills.
At an individual level, there is a lot of information and content about the work of Jacob Mincer regarding the manner in which earning is connected to schooling and similar human capital. This has inspired various studies, albeit this work is rife with controversies. One of the main controversies was regarding the manner in which the impact of schooling could be interpreted accurately. At times students with great learning potential and having a very high IQ level are not able to get optimum academically due to financial constraints.
In the year 1976 two well known economists Samuel Bowles & Herbert Gintis stated that there was an ongoing conflict in American schools due to the democratic, equality based goals and the discrepancies indicated by the ongoing profitability of capitalist productions.
Curriculum often refers to the various courses and their syllabus which is offered at various schools and universities. The word curriculum has Latin origin and means race course. It is referred to as the idea of the course of tasks and experiences that are used to nurture the kids to morph into better and mature adults. The curriculum has a perspective scope often referring to a generalized syllabus which only mentions the list of topics that are to be covered and mastered in order to reach a specific standard or grade.
Curriculum is an academic discipline too, which includes formal training at universities or through similar means. All the disciplines are further divided into branches, but there is a thin line distinguishing them from each other. Natural sciences, math, computer sciences, social and applied science, humanities and others are popular instances of academic disciplines.
Some educational institutions also include fine arts in the content of the K-12 grade educational criteria. They are also offered as part of electives in colleges as well as universities. Music, dance as well as theatre are some well known forms of fine arts.