The initial five to seven years of formal and structured education is termed as primary education. It is also referred to as elementary education. Usually this form of education begins at the age of 5 or 6 and lasts for 6 to 8 years. However this may differ from nation to nation. Approximately 89% of kids around the world avail of primary education and the numbers keep rising with each passing day.
Following the Education For All program initiated by UNESCO, many nations across the globe have set a vision of attaining universal enrollment in primary education by the year 2015. In most nations, it is mandatory for kids to get primary education. There is a thin line dividing primary education and secondary education. However in most cases it happens at 11 or 12 years. At times some institutions separate middle schools which act as a stepping stone before finally moving onto secondary education which is imparted to kids at the age of 14 and above. Schools which impart primary education are termed as primary schools. Some nations often further divide primary schools into two groups, namely infant schools & junior schools.
In nations like India, it is mandatory for kids to receive education for at least 12 years out of which it takes 8 years for them to master elementary education. Children spend five years of elementary education in primary schooling and the remaining three years in upper primary education. Many states of India follow a specific pattern which follows the guidelines of a specific national curriculum framework chalked out by the National Council of Education Research & Training.