Private vs. Public Funding in Developing Nations

2A research conducted over a period of five years concluding in July 2013 on low cost private schools raised the doubt that the main aim of achieving EFA or Education for All had a lot of limitations. The conflict arose regarding the affordability of these schools and how successfully they were able to give access to the poor. The conflict also arose over the issue of whether they were able to reach out to the lesser fortunate masses and ensure that quality education was being imparted. The report gave a detailed analysis about the hurdles these organizations faced. Statistics reveal that such schools are rapidly growing in Africana and Asian nations. This sudden growth is justified bearing in mind the growing demand for such institutions. Similar surveys also revealed:

Discrepancies and differences with the rise in the low cost private schooling attributed to worsening the issue of inequality which prevails in developing nations. The differences between the rural and urban masses, people belonging to various income groups, gender differences and a lot are some of the areas where the inequality was pretty much evident.

The report further revealed that the females are not adequately represented and the LCPs were also not able to maintain the ratio of low income families and high income families.

The next issue was related to quality check. It is next to impossible to generalize the quality of private schools. In majority of the cases they are known to get better results as compared to government schools, yet at times their quality seems to deteriorate. The LCPs also revealed that they were far superior to government schools in terms of teacher absence, student to teacher ratio and a lot of other factors.

The parents often believe that private schools impart better training and are well equipped to educate their wards as compared to their government counterparts. Often the lure of the English language too makes them opt for private schools. However people way below the poverty line will surely not be able to opt for private schools. At times the student may be excluded due to caste barriers as well.

In order to be able to impart low cost education, private schools often hire low salaried teachers. Their expenses are often met with the fees paid by the parents. This is quite dicey as most students hail from low income families.

The report also revealed that at times subsidy programs came to the rescue. However such international support groups are not very popular. Managing and resolving regulatory ineffectiveness is also essential. Modern approaches emphasize on the need to understand the political economy in the case of LCPSs. They should work out on a consensus regarding power sharing and better transparency between users, the government & private providers to ensure that the poor enjoy the right to proper education.